These breakthroughs are part of a rather broad science and everything about it has to do with the Essence in one way or another, no matter if it about Essence Beings, Cores, Essence powers or anything else. Can also lead to joint breakthroughs with other sciences sometimes.
Research that is risky and might be unethical but still not illegal (at least in some countries). Technologies of this field of science are often about sacrificing something to get something else and involve experiments on people, monsters, animals, Essence Beings, and Non-Eophrims.
Forbidden research that is not tolerated by almost any country. This research is not only unethical but also seen as vile, depeding on the project. An example would be research involving Tainted Cores.
The science dealing with life in its endless different shapes and sizes. It mostly involves nature, various creatures, and how certain biological entities function. Also includes bioenergy technologies.
A science about elements and compounds and the successor to alchemy (which was popular in the Age of Construction) although there are still people that use it like alchemy since Horhsalian laboratories are not as advanced as Earth ones.